This chapter describes useful information about the bridge for IRC operators or IRC users.
The IRC bridge provides each Matrix user with one IRC connection in order to bridge them "natively" into the IRC network, as so they can largely be treated as real users. Due to the 1:1 connection system, it is often useful that the IRCD network provides the bridge host with a more relaxed ILINE limit depending on the number of Matrix users they'd expect to use the bridge.
The Matrix experience
When a Matrix room is bridged to IRC, all users (by default) on the Matrix side will be provided with a connection
to the room and will show up in the user list on IRC. The IRC users will also appear as "ghosts" on the Matrix side,
bearing a Matrix ID like
@irc_alice:matrix.org. This allows a "native" feeling so that users do not have to worry
about the complexities of the protocols.
However as with all bridges, the native feeling can catch IRC or Matrix users unaware when things do not bridge well (such as replies/threading or reactions).
The [m]/-M suffix
By default, the IRC bridge will append a
-M to nicks for Matrix users. This is to avoid clashes with a users
real identity on IRC as well as to highlight that the users are on the bridge (and may not even know the conversation is bridged to IRC).
The user has the option to change this by going to the bot and sending a
!nick command, so the suffix should not
be used as a blanket detection method.
The bridge sets various bits of information about users:
The realname of a user will be their MxID. By default this will look like:
* [Half-Shot[m]] (half-shoth@2001:470:1af1:104:0:0:0:2223): @Half-Shot:half-shot.uk * [Half-Shot[m]] #matrix-test * [Half-Shot[m]] irc2.acc.umu.se :GIMPNet Server * [Half-Shot[m]] is using a Secure Connection * [Half-Shot[m]] End of WHOIS list.
Portals and Plumbed
A Matrix room can be connected to a IRC network in one of two ways:
- A portal room, which is a Matrix room created by the bridge on demand when a Matrix user attempts
to join an alias that does not yet exist. E.g.
#myproject:libera.chat. The bridge will hold power over this room and grant moderator status (half-power) to any IRC operators or Matrix users with IRC ops in the room.
- A plumbed room (also known as provisioning). A Matrix user may create a room ahead of time for their
community and later on decide to "plumb in" IRC users to that room. They can do this via an interative
UI in Element, via the
!plumbcommand or even via a HTTP endpoint. If done interatively, the bridge has a verification process to ensure the user on the Matrix side has the blessing of the IRC ops first. However, it's possible for the IRC bot to lack kick abilities in the room so kicks and bans may not be bridged both ways.
(This is explained in more depth at matrix.org)
Additionally, a channel may be connected to one portal and multiple plumbed rooms without issue as the messages from Matrix users are replicated to the other rooms for them. We typically do not recommend multiple points of entry to the channel due to the obvious confusion this causes.
If a Matrix user fails to join a channel due to a ban, they are kicked from it. If the Matrix user fails to get a connection to IRC at all, they are also kicked from any rooms they are part of. The exception to this rule is if the bridge bot (which does the kicking) lacks permission to kick members of the room.
The IRC bridge allows admins to configure a maximum amount of lines that can be sent at a time to a channel by a Matrix user. The Matrix spec allows events to be sent by users up to 65k in size, so with some margin for event padding, a message could feasibly be over 64k in size. The Matrix spec has no limit on how many lines a single message can have so to avoid this issue the bridge will "pastebin" any overly large message rather than send the message line by line.
This can be confusing for IRC users, so we typically try to have a sensible limit to line count. By default the bridge only pastebins a message that is over 3 lines in length to avoid problems, but this can be increased at the discretion of the bridge admin.
Matrix is naturally history preserving, so that any message sent to a Matrix room is sent to all participating users/servers. They will be able to read these messsages for as long as they are joined to the room.
Bridged IRC rooms do not share history to Matrix users from before they have joined by default, but history visibility can be changed by users with the correct power level on Matrix.
The bridge can also be configured to stop bridging all traffic from a channel to Matrix if it cannot garuntee that a Matrix user is joined to the IRC channel, which is usually a step of last resort should the bridge have failed to connect them. See the administrators guide.